Friday, May 4, 2012

Prevention Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain, Back Pain Lower, Back Pain
Low back pain (LBP) are problems that often arise in a nursing care with the most common symptoms felt in the lumbo-sacral, gluteal muscles, thighs and often on the lower extremities. When the characteristic symptoms of low back pain appears it would require the appointment of a diagnosis and how proper handling. Nearly 90% of the population had experienced LBP in the life cycle and LBP is a frequent complaint number two came after a complaint to the respiratory system disorders (Borenstein, 1997)
There is research that says that nearly 48% of clients with LBP found no obvious cause (Croft, 1999). Croft also noted that 90% of clients with LBP to stop treatment after 3 months of treatment, although the pain is still felt.
Low back pain be categorized as acute (less than 12 weeks), subacute (6-12 weeks) and chronic (more than 12 weeks). LBP is generally associated with the stretching of ligaments and muscles resulting from the incorrect body mechanics when lifting something. Risk factors for experiencing LBP is overweight, having posture and have a poor abdominal muscle strength.
Here is described how the prevention of low back pain and how to reduce pain if LBP has occurred.

Back Exercise Every Day
1. Lie supine on a hard floor or mat. Bending one knee and Move toward your chest and hold for several seconds. Then do it again on the other foot. Do it several times.
2. Lie on your back with both knees bent and make straight to the floor. Tightly secure the stomach and buttocks and press your back to the floor, hold a few seconds then relax. Repeat several times.
3. Lie on your back with knees bent and your feet are flat on the floor. Do partial sit up, with hands folded in his hands and shrugged his shoulders as high as 6 -12 inches from the floor. Do this several times.

Be careful when lifting
Low back pain caused by lifting can be prevented by using proper lifting techniques and by exercising regularly to improve muscle strength and overall physical condition.
The normal effects of aging that result in loss of bone mass and decreased strength and elasticity of muscles and ligaments can't be avoided. However, the effects can be slowed by:
  • Exercising regularly to keep the muscles of the back strong and flexible
  • Using the correct lifting and moving techniques
  • Maintaining a proper body weight; being overweight puts a strain on the back muscles
  • Avoiding smoking
  • Maintaining a proper posture when standing and sitting; don't slouch

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